Message Handicap in the Off Syndrome: A review

Message Handicap in the Off Syndrome: A review

Which review summarizes browse towards the issues out-of address creation within the Off syndrome (DS) towards the reason for informing systematic characteristics and you may powering future browse.


Writeup on brand new literary works try centered on queries playing with MEDLINE, Google Scholar, PsycINFO, and you will HighWire Press, in addition to attention regarding source directories inside the retrieved records (and on the internet supply). Search terms emphasized features about voice, articulation, phonology, prosody, fluency, and intelligibility.


The following results relate to five big regions of review: voice, address musical, fluency and you will prosody, and you will intelligibility. The original significant area try sound. Regardless of if many studies have advertised on the vocal irregularities in DS, biggest concerns continue to be concerning the character and regularity of one’s phonatory diseases. Result of perceptual and acoustic research has been blended, therefore it is difficult to draw agency findings or even to identify sensitive and painful procedures to have upcoming analysis. The next big city are speech music. Articulatory and phonological studies show one to speech models from inside the DS was a combination of postponed innovation and you can mistakes maybe not observed in regular development. Delay (i.e., developmental) and you will disordered (i.e., nondevelopmental) habits is actually evident because of the chronilogical age of about three-years, even when DS-related abnormalities maybe appear before, in kids babbling. The 3rd biggest urban area is fluency and you can prosody. Stuttering and you may/otherwise cluttering occur in DS on prices of ten%–45%, weighed against in the 1% regarding standard society. Browse also things to high disruptions in prosody. Brand new 4th significant city was intelligibility. Training constantly let you know marked constraints of this type, but merely has just comes with the lookup gone past easy score scales.


(2011). A look at browse on the message intelligibility and you will correlations having acoustic features [Technical Report CSLU-11-002] (pp. 1–16). Portland, Or : Cardiovascular system to have Verbal Code Knowledge, Agencies of Biomedical Engineering, Oregon Health Science University .

(2009). Phonological accuracy and you will intelligibility within the linked address out-of guys that have delicate X syndrome or Down disorder. Journal regarding Message, Vocabulary, and Hearing Search, 52, 1048–1061.

(2006). An assessment off oral structure and you can oral-engine function in the young guys that have sensitive X disorder and you can Down syndrome. Diary out of Message, Code, and you will Reading Lookup, 49, 903–917.

(1983). A good noninvasive acoustic approach using frequency perturbations and you can computer-generated singing-region molds. Diary out-of Message and you can Hearing Browse, twenty six, 304–314.

(1976). A diagnosis of the anatomic variations in person trisomy considering dissections out-of 21- and 18-trisomes. (Unpublished doctoral dissertation). College off Wisconsin-Madison

(1980). Anatomical data of developmental negative effects of aneuploidy inside son: Brand new Off disorder. Western Record away from Medical Family genes, 5, 399–420.

(2007). Metric study of hard palate in kids with Down problem: A comparative study. Down Disorder Look and practice, a dozen, 55–59.

(1988). The text experience of kids that have Down’s disorder aged 12 to sixteen years. Kid Code Exercises and Treatment, 4, 311–324.

(2009). Into the relationships anywhere between palate shape and you can articulatory conclusion. The Record of one’s Acoustical Community off The united states, 125, 3936–3949.

(2002). Address creation mistakes from inside the adults with and you will without Off disorder following spoken, created, and you can graphic cues. Developmental Neuropsychology, 21, 157–172.

(2011). An assessment regarding articulatory doing work place city for the vowel production of grownups which have Off disorder. Scientific Linguistics Phonetics, twenty five, 321–334. doi:47

(2007). Phonetic intelligibility comparison from inside the people with Down disorder. Down Problem Research Practice: New Diary of one’s Sarah Duffen Center/School out of Portsmouth, 12, 230–239.

(1999). Phonological feeling feel into the four-year-old British pupils: An assessment and normative study. Around the globe Record from Words and you can Telecommunications Problems, 34, 311–335.

(2003). A several-season longitudinal study of palatal dish therapy in kids which have Off syndrome: Outcomes for the oral motor setting, articulation and you may communication tastes. Acta Odontologica Scandinavica, 61, 39–46.